The design objective of an exceptional base layer is to provide warmth without trapping moisture against the skin. Traditional solid knit garments made of Merino wool or synthetic yarns do a fair job of this. They provide some trapped air insulation within the fabric and allow some “wicking” of moisture away from the skin. Mesh, however, affords up to six times the insulation value per gram of weight and, due to its porous design, allows body moisture to immediately “transport” to the outer layers. This means perspiration does not need to become a liquid to be wicked away but instead moves directly as vapor to the next clothing layer. In addition, the mesh design is much more stretchy, thus improving freedom of movement for intense activity. By varying the size of the mesh, the garments can produce different degrees of warmth and vapor transport without increasing garment weight. No solid knit garment is capable of this.
Wool fiber can take up to a third of its own weight with moisture without feeling wet to the body. Wool also has natural odor mitigation properties, reducing smell after several days of use. Wool blended with polyester fiber dramatically increases the function of the wool; the moisture transfer, durability and longevity is improved. Brynje uses an 80/20% blend of Merino wool and polyester, weaving the polyester into the wool. Aside from the economic benefit of a more durable garment, it is also best for the environment. Our wool is produced without chlorine, which makes it more sustainable and environmentally friendly.
EXP is the first wool finishing process in the world to meet the strict criteria of “bluesign® ” and “Global Organic Textile (GOTS)” standards, and it also conforms with the “Öko-Tex standard.”
Polypropylene fiber has unique properties that make it very suitable as a base layer for extreme activities. Polypropylene fiber has the highest insulation performance-to-weight ratio and excellent moisture transport. The fiber does not retain moisture so there is little wetness against the skin and it dries extremely quickly. We use polypropylene mesh in our SUPERthermo® products, Arctic products, Antarctic products and Polar Fleece products. While it does not have the odor mitigation properties of wool it is an excellent choice for fishing, sailing, paddle sports and expeditions where moisture is of primary concern.